10 Principles for a Distinctly Reformed Apologetic

  1. The Principle of Integration: Reformed Theology and Reformed Apologetics are one system applied in different ways to answer different questions.
  2. The Principle of Certain Revelation: God’s revelation necessarily breaks through to his creatures such that they know that He is, part of who He is, what He requires of them.
  3. The Principle of Covenant: This being the case, all men are in relationship to God (in covenant with God), they are either under the punishment of the covenant of works, or the mercy of the covenant of grace which they know because of God’s revelation.
  4. The Principle of Non-Neutrality: Being under the nature of Adam or renewed after the nature of Christ, man is either for Christ or against Christ, necessarily.
  5. The Principle of Presupposition: Due to being under Adam or Christ, each person has a basic heart commitment through which they interpret God’s revelation, arguments, and evidence; if they belong to Christ, they interpret the world with His Word as their authority, if under Adam they suppress His revelation in unrighteousness.
  6. The Suppression/Idolatry Dynamic: Being under Adam, the unbeliever suppresses the truth which deep down he knows and seeks to construct for himself mental idols in order to dissuade himself of the truth.
  7. The Constructive/Deconstructive Approach: This being the case, the Apologist is to utilize the instrument of reason in order to minister the Gospel by appealing to the proof of God’s revelation and destroying the unbeliever’s intellectual idols (worldviews). Insodoing, he attempts to remove the unbeliever’s mask of suppression that he might see the light and be saved.
  8. The No-Autonomy Principle: The Reformed Apologist begins his debate with the presupposition that the unbeliever cannot ultimately be satisfied, personally, or account for the universe, rationally, outside the worldview contained in the Word of God.
  9. The General Revelation to Special Revelation Dynamic: This being the case, the Reformed Apologist should utilize the revelation which the unbeliever has by nature, showing him that Special revelation, and the Christ contained therein, is the antidote for his many problems.
  10. The Sola Deo Gloria Principle: As regenerated beings made after the image and likeness of Christ, fit with the Holy Spirit to bear witness to the Gospel of God, the Reformed Apologist should see himself as extending the offer of the Gospel to sinners, sincerely desiring their repentance and simultaneously resting in the fact that, if it turns out the unbeliever does not repent, God will still receive glory in the manifestation of His justice through their condemnation.


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